Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD)
Atherosclerosis is the buildup of cholesterol and smooth muscle plaque in the lining of arteries. This process has a genetic basis. It is made worse by factors such as smoking, diabetes, poorly controlled cholesterol and hypertension. In peripheral artery disease (PAD), the plaque buildup causes blood flow restriction to legs and other affected organs. With the progression of PAD induced flow restriction, blood flow cannot keep up with limb’s resting demands for oxygen and nutrients. This causes leg cramps and may lead to non-healing wounds. Arterial blockages are leading cause of limb amputations due to non-healing leg ulcers/wounds that lead to infection and gangrene. If you have PAD, you are also at higher risk for having heart disease and stroke. Dr. Azher Iqbal is an expert in the treatment of peripheral artery disease.
Calf, leg or buttock pain (claudication) while walking. The pain stops at rest and resumes at a predictable distance.
Leg weakness, burning or aching feet in feet or toes worse with walking.
Sores or ulcers on toes, feet or legs that do not heal after four weeks of local wound treatment.
Change in color or feet, loss of hair and wasting of muscles in the legs.
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